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Dictionary systems offer ex­ten­sive func­tions for learn­ing and trans­lating vo­cabu­lary. Con­text-​based, i.e. ref­er­ence frame-​de­pend­ent trans­la­tion sug­ges­ti­ons help you to se­lect the right words. Sound files and pho­net­ic no­ta­tion help you to pro­nounce and ac­cen­tu­ate words cor­rect­ly. Nu­mer­ous free dic­tion­aries are avail­able for off­line op­era­tion. Fa­mil­iar­ize yourself with the ba­sic func­tions!

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November 17, 2019

German beginner course in 30 different language versions added, with PDF and sound files.

October 29, 2019

Opening. Publication of chap­ter 01, chap­ter 02 and the appendix. Chap­ters 03 and 04 are in prepa­ra­tion.

image source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:UnderCon_icon.svg

Page is un­der con­struc­tion.

For the writ­ten learn­ing of your tar­get lan­guage, you create a tem­plate docu­ment in which the choice of dic­tion­ary, hy­phena­tion and oth­er coun­try-​spe­cif­ic pe­cu­li­ar­ities have al­ready been tak­en into ac­count.

In ad­di­tion, knowl­edge of free type­set­ting pro­grams is rec­om­mend­ed, which of­fer ex­cel­lent ty­po­graph­ical sup­port for count­less lan­guages and pro­fes­sion­al fields. Get an over­view!

Inform yourself about language courses for beginners and advanced learners, com­plete introductions with excellent di­dac­tic preparation, in the form of video courses as well as sound files (MP3) with ac­com­pa­nying materials (PDF). All courses are available free of charge and can be downloaded directly from You­tube, DW.com and other sites (see also Introduction 2.4). (Course)Moderation language → Target lan­guage:

Englisch für Anfänger: To Buy or not to Buy (Folge 36),
     Youtube-Kanal 'ARD-alpha'

Englisch für Anfänger, episode 36
English for Beginners, held in English and German

Various phonetic alphabets are available for the written recording of pronunciation, including the widely used IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet), in which pronunciation, stress and length variations are presented in detail. Learn the three most basic characters for English, including the stress sign:

The stress sign (ˈ) of the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) indicates that the following syllable carries the primary stress (main stress). It is placed before the emphasized syllable.” (translated excerpt from: “Be­to­nungs­zei­chen”)

The length sign (ː) similar to the colon (:), [used] in the so-called International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA), indicates that the sound represented by the pre­ced­ing letter must be pronounced long (stretched). [...]” (translated from “Länge­zei­chen”).

Leni Riefenstahl: Olympia - Fest der Völker (1936)

Sample words: 🍒 “cherry” [ˈtʃeri] con­sists of two syllables: cher  ry, the stress is on the first syl­la­ble: cher ry, cherry; Linguee entry, article at Wik­ti­o­nary /ˈt͡ʃɛɹi/, Pons entry. German die Kir­sche also has the ac­cent on the first syllable: Kir  sche [ˈkɪrʃə] (Linguee entry).

🍓 The straw·berry “[ˈstrɔ:bəri, Am ˈstrɑ:ˌberi] NOUN” re­spec­tive straw·berry.

🏳️ Dt. die Fah­ne [ˈfa:nə] (Linguee, Pons). 🎺 Die Fan­fa­re, Fan fa re [fanˈfa:rə], (Linguee, Pons. Wik­ti­o­nary: [ˌfanˈfaːʁə]), engl. fanfare, fan·fare [ˈfænfeəʳ, Am -fer] (Pons entry) resp. ceremonial trumpet. A classic example: The 1936 Olym­pic fanfare.

Learn more about syllables, stress and length characters.

“Völker- und Sprachenkarte von Europa”, “Map of peoples and languages of Europe”, Scale 1:30 000 000. Bibliographisches Institut A.G., Leipzig; „Meyers Geographischer Handatlas“, „[...] siebente neubearbeitete und vermehrte Auflage [...], 1928“. Raw file, WP-article “Meyers Handatlas”. Also read the Metapedia article “Deutsche Sprache” (auf de.metapedia.org).

Distribution of the German language around 1913, original maps, available free of charge from the Internet Archive.

“Verbreitung der Deutschen Mundarten”, nach Prof. Dr. W. Stammler, Maßstab 1:8000000. Bibliographisches Institut A.G., Leipzig; “Meyers Geographischer Handatlas”, “[...] siebente neubearbeitete und vermehrte Auflage [...], 1928”
Raw file, WP-article “Meyers Handatlas”

Did you know that the natural-standing written German is much more reader-friendly, more expressive and more scientific than the current BRD-Endphase written German?

Find out more about.

January 13, 2020

Copyright and translation rights 2008–2019 by Peter Jockisch,

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For this translated article version DeepL (DeepL.com) was used extensively.

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